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- Common name:
- Black Neem Tree
- Regional name:
- Marathi - Kadu Limba, Hindi- Neem, Bengali - Neem, Gujarati - Limba, Tamil - Vepa, Telugu - Vepa, Malayalam - Vepu Maram, Sanskrit - Nimba
- Trees, Medicinal Plants
- Meliaceae or Neem family
- Sun growing
- Requires less
- Primarily grown for:
- Flowering season:
- March, April, May, June, July
- Flower or Inflorescence color:
- Foliage color:
- Very dark green almost black
- Plant Height or length:
- 4 to 6 meters
- Plant Spread or Width:
- 2 to 4 meters
- Plant Form:
- Irregular, Spreading
- Azadirachta indica, commonly known as Neem, is a tree native to India and Pakistan. The variety "nigra" is a cultivar that is characterized by its dark, nearly black leaves. Like other varieties of Neem, it is an evergreen tree that can grow up to 30 meters in height and has a wide, spreading crown. It's leaves are shiny green, lanceolate with serrated margins. The tree has medicinal properties, the leaves and bark are used to make traditional medicine. The leaves have been used to treat a wide variety of ailments, including fever, malaria, and diabetes. The tree's seed oil has been used for centuries as an insecticide, and it is also a component in some cosmetics and soap products.
Azadirachta indica nigra, like other varieties of Neem, is relatively easy to care for and can tolerate a wide range of growing conditions. Here are a few tips for caring for this tree:
Light: This tree prefers full sun to partial shade, but can tolerate some shade.
Water: It is drought tolerant and will survive with minimal irrigation but prefers well-drained soil and regular watering.
Soil: It grows well in a variety of soils, including sandy, loamy, or clay soils, but it prefers well-drained soil with a pH range of 6.0 to 7.0.
Fertilizer: It doesn't need much fertilizer but you may use well rotted cow dung or compost in growing season.
Pruning: Prune as needed to control the shape of the tree and to remove any dead or damaged branches.
Pest and diseases: It is relatively resistant to pests and diseases, but it can be susceptible to certain fungal diseases such as powdery mildew and leaf spot if grown in overly moist conditions.
Propagation: it can be propagated by seeds, cuttings, and air layering.
Note: Neem trees produce a chemical called Azadirachtin which can be toxic to animals, if you're planning to grow Neem tree in an area where animals graze. Keep them away.
Azadirachta indica nigra, like other varieties of Neem, has many traditional medicinal uses and is also known for its insecticidal properties. Here are a few potential benefits:
Medicinal: The leaves and bark of the tree have been used in traditional medicine for centuries to treat a wide variety of ailments, including fever, malaria, diabetes, and skin conditions such as eczema and psoriasis.
Insecticidal: The seed oil of the tree is a common ingredient in insecticides, and it is also effective at controlling pests such as aphids, whiteflies, and spider mites in agriculture.
Antimicrobial: Extracts from the tree have been shown to have antimicrobial properties, and may be useful in treating infections caused by bacteria, fungi, and viruses.
Immune system support: The tree's leaves contain compounds that have been shown to have immune-boosting effects and may help to improve overall health and wellbeing.
Environmental benefits: Neem tree is known for its ability to improve air and water quality, and also as a soil improver, as it can help to break down organic matter and release nutrients into the soil.
It's important to note that while these are potential benefits, more research is needed to understand their safety and effectiveness. Always consult with a healthcare provider before using any alternative medicine.