Stunning Nerium Oleander Variegatum | Bring Color to Your Garden with This Variegated Plant
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- Common name:
- Nerium Variegated
- Regional name:
- Hindi - Kaner, Gujarati - Kagaer, Kannada - Kanagalu, Malayalam - Areli, Marathi - Kanher, Sanskrit - Karavira, Tamil - Arali, Telugu - Ganneru
- Apocynaceae or Plumeria or Oleander family
- Sun growing, Semi shade
- Normal, Can tolerate less, Can tolerate more
- Primarily grown for:
- Flowering season:
- Year-around flowering, Flowers in flushes throughout the year
- Flower or Inflorescence color:
- Light Pink
- Foliage color:
- Variegated, Green, Cream or off white, Yellow
- Plant Height or length:
- 2 to 4 meters
- Plant Spread or Width:
- 1 to 2 meters
- Plant Form:
- Upright or Erect
Nerium oleander variegatum, also known as variegated oleander, is a cultivar of the common oleander plant (Nerium oleander) that is grown for its variegated foliage. The leaves of the variegated oleander are green with white or yellow edges, giving the plant a unique, multicolored appearance.
Like the common oleander, variegated oleander is a hardy, evergreen shrub that can reach heights of up to 10 feet. It produces clusters of attractive, pink, red, or white flowers that bloom from spring to fall. The plant is drought tolerant and can grow in a wide range of soil types.
The variegated oleander is considered to be more frost-sensitive than the common oleander, so it is typically grown as a houseplant or outdoor patio plant in colder climates. In warmer climates, it can be grown as a landscape plant and used as a hedge or specimen plant.
It's also hardy enough for outdoors in USDA zones 9b and above, but is considered toxic if ingested and can cause skin irritation. Be sure to keep it away from children and pets.
Propagation is typically done by cuttings. This can be done by taking 6 to 8 inch stem cuttings, treating them with rooting hormone, and planting them in a sandy soil. The cuttings should be kept in a warm and humid environment until they begin to root.
Overall, the variegated oleander is an attractive and easy-to-grow plant that adds color and interest to any garden or patio. It requires minimal care and is drought tolerant, which makes it a great choice for gardeners who want a low maintenance plant.
The care requirements for Nerium oleander variegatum are similar to those of the common oleander. Here are a few tips for growing and maintaining a healthy variegated oleander:
Sunlight: Variegated oleanders prefer full sun to partial shade. They can tolerate a little shade, but the variegation on the leaves will be more pronounced in direct sunlight.
Watering: This plant is drought tolerant and can tolerate dry periods, but it should be watered regularly to keep the soil moist. Overwatering can lead to root rot, so it's important to let the soil dry out slightly between waterings. When watering, be sure to water deeply to reach the roots, but avoid getting water on the leaves.
Fertilizing: Variegated oleanders benefit from regular fertilization during the growing season. Use a balanced fertilizer and follow the package instructions for application rates.
Pruning: Pruning is not required but can help to maintain the shape and size of the plant. Dead or damaged branches can be pruned away at any time, but the best time to prune for shape is just after the plant has finished flowering.
Pest and Disease Control: Variegated oleanders are relatively disease and pest resistant, but they can be affected by spider mites and scale insects. Keep an eye out for these pests and treat them promptly with a pesticide if necessary.
Cold Tolerance: Nerium oleander variegatum can handle mild frost but is more frost-sensitive than the common oleander so best to bring indoors in areas that have cold winter.
Toxicity: As mentioned before, all parts of the oleander plant are toxic if ingested and can cause skin irritation, so keep it away from children and pets.
Overall, variegated oleanders are easy-to-grow plants that are well-suited for gardeners of all skill levels. With proper care, they will thrive and add color and interest to any landscape or patio.
Nerium oleander variegatum is not only an attractive ornamental plant, but it also has a number of potential benefits. Some of these include:
Air Purification: Like other plants, variegated oleanders can help to purify the air by removing toxins and pollutants. They are particularly effective at removing formaldehyde, which is a common indoor air pollutant.
Stress Relief: Studies have shown that the presence of plants in indoor spaces can help to reduce stress and improve mood. Gazing at green leaves can be visually soothing.
Privacy Barrier: The large size and dense growth habit of variegated oleanders make them an ideal plant for creating privacy barriers or hedges. When planted in a row, they can block unwanted views and provide a sense of seclusion.
Wildlife Habitat: The nectar-rich flowers of the variegated oleander can attract bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds to the garden, which can benefit the local ecosystem.
Long-lasting blooms: Variegated oleanders have long blooming period, usually starting in spring and going through fall.
It's important to note that while these plants can have benefits, they are considered toxic if ingested and can cause skin irritation. So, it is best to keep them away from children and pets.
Additionally, as always, when using plants for medicinal or therapeutic purposes, it is important to consult with a qualified healthcare professional before using it.