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The Ultimate Guide to Growing and Maintaining Boxwood Plants in Your Garden

Boxwood plants, known for their dense foliage and compact growth, are widely used in landscapes and gardens all over the world. These evergreen shrubs are versatile and can be used as hedges, topiaries, edging plants, and even as individual specimens. Boxwoods are popular because of their ability to add structure, texture, and color to any garden. They are also relatively low maintenance and can live for many years. In this blog, we will discuss everything you need to know about boxwood plants, from their origin and classification to care and maintenance.

Origin and Classification

Boxwood plants belong to the Buxaceae family, which includes about 60 species of evergreen shrubs and trees. The genus Buxus is native to Europe, Asia, Africa, and South America. Boxwood plants have been used for centuries for their ornamental and practical value. They have been used for making tools, furniture, and musical instruments like flutes and bagpipes.

Boxwoods are classified into two main groups: American boxwoods and European boxwoods. American boxwoods are native to North America, and European boxwoods are native to Europe, Asia, and Africa. The most common species of boxwood used in landscaping are Buxus sempervirens, Buxus microphylla, and Buxus harlandii.

Buxus sempervirens, also known as common boxwood or English boxwood, is a slow-growing shrub that can reach up to 20 feet in height, but is typically kept smaller in landscapes. It has small, dark green leaves and produces tiny yellow-green flowers in the spring. Buxus sempervirens is hardy in USDA zones 5-8.

Buxus microphylla, also known as littleleaf boxwood or Japanese boxwood, is a small shrub that grows up to 3-4 feet tall and wide. It has small, glossy green leaves and produces small, fragrant, cream-colored flowers in the spring. Buxus microphylla is hardy in USDA zones 6-9.

Buxus harlandii, also known as Harland boxwood or Korean boxwood, is a slow-growing shrub that grows up to 3-5 feet tall and wide. It has small, glossy green leaves and produces small, fragrant, cream-colored flowers in the spring. Buxus harlandii is hardy in USDA zones 5-9.

In addition to these three main species, there are also many cultivars of boxwood available in the nursery trade, which vary in size, growth habit, and leaf color.

Growing Conditions

Boxwood plants prefer well-drained, fertile soil with a pH between 6.5 and 7.5. They also prefer partial shade to full sun, although they can tolerate some shade. In areas with hot summers, boxwoods may benefit from some afternoon shade to prevent leaf scorch.

When planting boxwoods, it is important to ensure that the planting hole is twice as wide as the root ball, but not deeper. The top of the root ball should be level with the soil surface. After planting, water the shrub thoroughly and add a layer of mulch around the base to help retain moisture and suppress weeds.

Care and Maintenance

Boxwood plants are relatively low maintenance, but they do require some care to keep them healthy and looking their best. Here are some tips for caring for your boxwood plants:

  1. Watering: Boxwoods require regular watering, especially during the first year after planting. Water deeply once a week, or more often during hot, dry weather. Avoid overwatering, as this can lead to root rot.

  2. Fertilizing: Boxwoods benefit from regular fertilization to

  1. Pruning: Boxwoods can be pruned in late winter or early spring to maintain their shape and size. Pruning also helps to promote new growth and denser foliage. Use clean, sharp pruning shears to avoid damaging the branches.

  2. Pest and disease control: Boxwoods are susceptible to several pests and diseases, including boxwood blight, which can be fatal to the plant. Regular monitoring and early intervention can help to prevent and control these issues. If you notice any signs of pests or disease, consult with a professional for the best course of action.

  3. Winter protection: In colder climates, boxwoods may require protection from winter winds and snow. You can use burlap or other materials to create a windbreak around the shrub or cover it with a protective cloth.

  4. Soil amendment: If your soil is too acidic or alkaline, you may need to amend it to provide the right pH balance for your boxwoods. Adding organic matter, such as compost or well-rotted manure, can also help to improve soil quality.

Uses in Landscaping

Boxwoods are versatile plants that can be used in a variety of ways in landscaping. Here are some common uses for boxwoods:

  1. Hedges: Boxwoods are popular choices for hedges because of their dense foliage and compact growth habit. They can be used to create formal or informal hedges and can be pruned to maintain a specific height and shape.

  2. Topiaries: Boxwoods can be shaped into a variety of topiary forms, including balls, cones, and spirals. Topiaries can add a whimsical or formal touch to a garden and can be used as focal points or accents.

  3. Edging plants: Boxwoods can be used as edging plants to define borders and pathways. They can be pruned to a specific height and shape to create a neat and tidy appearance.

  4. Individual specimens: Boxwoods can also be used as individual specimens in a garden or landscape. They can be planted in pots or in the ground and can add structure and texture to a planting bed.


Boxwood plants are a popular choice for gardeners and landscapers because of their versatility, low maintenance, and ornamental value. They come in a variety of sizes and colors and can be used in many different ways in landscaping. With proper care and maintenance, boxwoods can live for many years and provide beauty and structure to your garden. Whether you are using them as hedges, topiaries, edging plants, or individual specimens, boxwoods are sure to add interest and beauty to any landscape.

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