Purple Orchid Tree (Bauhinia variegata or Phanera variegata) - The Poor Man's Orchid Plant for Sale
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- Common name:
- Purple Orchid Tree, Poor Mans Orchid
- Regional name:
- Marathi - Rakta Kanchan, Hindi - Kachnar, Bengali - Raktanchan, Gujarati - Kovin Dara, Kannada - Arisinatige, Malayalam - Chuvannaman Daram, Sanskrit - Kovidara, Tamil- Segapumanchori, Telugu - Devakanchanamo
- Trees, Medicinal Plants
- Leguminosae or Fabaceae or Pea family
- Sun growing
- Primarily grown for:
- Flowering season:
- January, February, March
- Flower or Inflorescence color:
- Purple, Pink
- Foliage color:
- Plant Height or length:
- 8 to 12 meters
- Plant Spread or Width:
- 6 to 8 meters
- Plant Form:
- Upright or Erect
- Bauhinia variegata, also known as the "orchid tree" or "butterfly tree," is a species of flowering plant in the legume family. It is native to China, India, and Taiwan, but it has been introduced to many other parts of the world. The tree typically grows to be about 20-30 feet tall, and it has leaves that are large and round, with a distinctive split in the middle. The flowers of the Bauhinia variegata are large and showy, typically pink or purple in color. They bloom in clusters at the end of branches and are very fragrant. The tree is often used in ornamental gardening and landscaping, and it is known for its attractive flowers and distinctive leaf shape.
Bauhinia variegata is a relatively easy tree to care for and is tolerant of a wide range of conditions. Some general guidelines for caring for Bauhinia variegata include:
Light: The tree prefers full sun but can tolerate partial shade.
Water: The tree is drought-tolerant and can survive with infrequent watering, but it prefers to be kept consistently moist. During dry spells, it is a good idea to water the tree deeply and regularly.
Soil: Bauhinia variegata is tolerant of a wide range of soil types but prefers well-draining soils that are rich in organic matter.
Fertilizer: The tree does not require regular fertilization but will benefit from occasional applications of a balanced, slow-release fertilizer.
Pruning: The tree does not require regular pruning, but it can be shaped and trained as desired. It blooms on new growth, so pruning should be done in late winter or early spring before new growth appears.
Pest & Disease: Generally speaking, the tree is relatively resistant to pests and diseases, but it can be affected by mealybugs, spider mites, and scale insects. In case of infestation, you may use insecticide or horticultural oil.
Cold Tolerance: Bauhinia variegata is hardy in USDA zone 9-11. It is also grown as a container plant and can be brought indoors during cold weather.
It's important to note that these are general guidelines and the specific care requirements for your tree may vary depending on factors such as the climate, soil conditions, and the tree's overall health.
Bauhinia variegata, also known as the orchid tree or butterfly tree, has a number of benefits. Some of these benefits include:
Ornamental value: The tree is often used in ornamental gardening and landscaping due to its attractive flowers and distinctive leaf shape. The large, pink or purple flowers are showy and fragrant, making it a popular choice for gardens, parks, and other landscaped areas.
Wildlife attraction: Bauhinia variegata is a great tree for attracting wildlife such as birds, butterflies, and bees to the garden. The tree produces nectar-rich flowers that are a great source of food for pollinators.
Medicinal uses: The leaves, bark, and flowers of the Bauhinia variegata tree have been used in traditional medicine for a number of ailments, including fever, skin diseases, and wounds.
Tree Shade: it can provide shade to the surrounding area.
Erosion control: The tree's deep roots can help to stabilize soil and prevent erosion on slopes or other areas where soil erosion is a concern.
Carbon sequestration: Trees are known to absorb and store carbon, which helps to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and combat climate change.
It's important to note that these benefits are specific to Bauhinia variegata, other species of plants may have different properties. Also, it's important to have in mind that in some areas, Bauhinia variegata can become invasive, so before planting it is important to research and consider local regulations regarding invasive species.