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Savor the Sweetness of Cherimoya | Grow Your Own Delicious Custard Apple Plant

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Rs. 99.00
Common name:
Cherimoya, Clustered Apple
Regional name:
Marathi - Hanuman Phal
Fruit Plants, Trees, Shrubs
Annonaceae or Custard apple family

1. Introduction to Cherimoya

Cherimoya (Annona cherimola) is a fruit-bearing tree native to the Andean highlands of South America. The fruit is highly prized for its creamy, custard-like texture and sweet, tropical flavor. It's also known as custard apple, although it is not the same as the true custard apple (Annona reticulata). Cherimoya is a popular choice for home gardeners and commercial growers alike.

2. Plantation and Site Selection

  • Soil Requirements: Cherimoya trees prefer well-draining, loamy soil with a pH of 6.0 to 6.5. They can tolerate a range of soil types, but it is important to ensure good drainage.
  • Climate: Cherimoya trees thrive in subtropical climates, with temperatures between 60-75°F (16-24°C). They cannot tolerate temperatures below 28°F (-2°C) or extended periods of frost.
  • Sunlight: Plant cherimoya trees in a location with full sun to partial shade. They need at least 6-8 hours of direct sunlight per day.
  • Spacing: Space cherimoya trees 20-25 feet (6-8 meters) apart to ensure sufficient room for growth and proper air circulation.

3. Growing and Propagation

  • Propagation: Cherimoya trees can be propagated through seeds, grafting, or air layering. Grafted trees tend to produce fruit more quickly and reliably than seed-grown trees.
  • Planting: Plant cherimoya trees in the spring, after the risk of frost has passed. Dig a hole twice the width and depth of the root ball, and backfill with a mix of native soil and organic matter.
  • Watering: Water newly planted cherimoya trees regularly, keeping the soil consistently moist but not waterlogged. As the tree matures, reduce watering frequency and allow the soil to dry out slightly between waterings.

4. Care and Maintenance

  • Pruning: Prune cherimoya trees annually to maintain a manageable size, improve air circulation, and encourage fruit production. Remove dead, diseased, or crossing branches, and thin out crowded areas.
  • Fertilization: Apply a balanced, slow-release fertilizer in early spring and again in late summer to support healthy growth and fruit production. Follow the manufacturer's instructions for application rates.
  • Pest and Disease Control: Monitor cherimoya trees for pests such as aphids, mealybugs, and scale insects, as well as diseases like anthracnose and root rot. Apply appropriate treatments as needed, following label instructions.

5. Harvesting and Storage

  • Harvesting: Cherimoya fruits are typically ready to harvest 5-7 months after flowering. They are best picked when slightly underripe and allowed to ripen at room temperature. Fruits are ripe when they yield to gentle pressure.
  • Storage: Store ripe cherimoya fruits in the refrigerator for up to one week. To prolong their shelf life, wrap them individually in plastic and store in a sealed container.

6. Benefits and Uses

  • Nutritional Benefits: Cherimoya fruits are a good source of vitamins B6, C, and potassium, as well as dietary fiber. They are low in calories and provide various antioxidants.
  • Culinary Uses: Cherimoya can be eaten fresh, added to fruit salads, blended into smoothies, or used as a topping for desserts. The seeds are not edible and should be removed before consumption.
  • Medicinal Properties: Traditional medicine has used cherimoya for its potential anti