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- Common name:
- Bakain, Persian Lilac, Pirde Of India, Bead Tree, Indian Lilac
- Regional name:
- Marathi - Limbara, Hindi - Mahaimb, Bakain, Drek, Bengali - Ghoranim, Tamil -malaivembu, Telugu - Vettiveppa, Gujarati - Bakam Limbodo, Kannada - Arebevu, Malayalam - Karin Vambu, Punjabi - Tak, Sanskrit - Mahanimba, Urdu - Drek
- Trees, Shrubs, Medicinal Plants
- Meliaceae or Neem family
- Sun growing, Semi shade
- Normal, Can tolerate less, Can tolerate more
- Primarily grown for:
- Flowering season:
- March, April, May, June, July
- Flower or Inflorescence color:
- Purple, Lilac or mauve
- Foliage color:
- Plant Height or length:
- 8 to 12 meters
- Plant Spread or Width:
- 6 to 8 meters
- Plant Form:
- Spreading, Upright or Erect
Melia azedarach, also known as the Chinaberry tree, is a small to medium-sized deciduous tree that is native to Asia and Australasia. It has a rounded shape and can grow up to 30 feet tall. The leaves are compound, with leaflets arranged in a spiral on the stem. The flowers are fragrant, with clusters of small, pale lavender to white blossoms that appear in late spring or early summer. The fruit is a small, round, yellow berry that is poisonous to humans but is often eaten by birds.
The tree is often used as an ornamental plant and is planted in gardens and parks. It is also sometimes used as a shade tree or as a street tree. The wood is strong and durable, and has been used in the past for making furniture and other household items.
The plant has been known to be invasive in some area. It is considered an invasive weed in many parts of the US, particularly in the Southeast. It is difficult to control once established, and it can displace native plant species.
It is important to be cautious when working with this plant, particularly if you are handling the seeds or fruit. These parts of the tree contain the toxic compound meliatoxine, which can cause symptoms such as vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain if ingested in large enough quantities.
If you want to use it in a garden or park, I would recommend selecting a cultivar that is less invasive and does not produce as many seeds as the wild forms. Also it would be advisable to plant them in an area where it won't be able to spread and displace the native plant species.
Melia azedarach, also known as the Chinaberry tree, is a versatile and hardy tree that has a number of benefits. Here are a few of them:
Ornamental: The Chinaberry tree is often grown as an ornamental tree. It has a rounded shape, and its delicate, fragrant flowers make it a popular choice for planting in gardens and parks. The tree can also be used as a shade tree or as a street tree.
Medicinal: The tree has a long history of medicinal use. The bark, leaves, and fruits have been used in traditional medicine to treat a variety of ailments, such as fever, asthma, and diarrhea. The bark is a rich source of an alkaloid called "Meliatoxine" which has a medicinal potential.
Wood: The wood of the Chinaberry tree is strong and durable, and it has been used in the past for making furniture and other household items. The wood is also used for firewood and charcoal production.
Wildlife habitat: Chinaberry tree is a popular tree for birds, many birds eat the fruit and make their nesting place on it. The tree can also provide shelter for other wildlife, like small mammals, butterflies and insects.
Ecological: It is fast-growing tree, which means it can be used in reforestation projects. When planted on the right area, it can also helps to control erosion and improving the soil quality.
Keep in mind that although it has many benefits, it is considered invasive in some areas and it can displace native plant species. Therefore, it's important to be cautious when planting this tree, and select a cultivar that is less invasive and does not produce as many seeds as the wild forms. Also, it would be advisable to plant them in an area where it won't be able to spread and displace the native plant species.