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- Common name:
- Wild Jamun
- Regional name:
- Marathi - Jambhul, Hindi - Jamun, Bengali - Jam, Gujrati - Jambu, Kannada - Nerale, Malayalam - Naval, Tamil - Neredam, Telugu - Neereedu, Urdu - Jaman.
- Shrubs, Trees
- Myrtaceae or Jamun or Eucalyptus family
- Sun growing, Semi shade
- Normal, Can tolerate more
- Primarily grown for:
- Flowering season:
- March, April, May, Flowers are inconspicuous
- Flower or Inflorescence color:
- Pink, Red
- Foliage color:
- Green, Orange, Red
- Plant Height or length:
- 2 to 4 meters
- Plant Spread or Width:
- 2 to 4 meters
- Plant Form:
- Spreading, Upright or Erect
- Estimated Life Span:
- Very long lived
- Syzygium campanulatum, also known as the "Bell-Fruited Rose Apple," is a small to medium-sized evergreen tree that is native to Southeast Asia and the Western Pacific region. The tree can reach heights of up to 30 meters and has a dense, round crown. The leaves are glossy and dark green, and the tree produces clusters of white, bell-shaped flowers. The fruits are large, round, and have a pale pink to red color when ripe. The fruit tastes sweet and have a jelly-like texture. It is commonly used as a ornamental plant and its fruit is also edible. The tree is also known to have medicinal properties, traditionally used in Ayurveda.
To properly care for Syzygium campanulatum, the following guidelines should be followed:
Sunlight: The tree prefers full sun to partial shade, but it can tolerate some shade.
Watering: The tree should be kept consistently moist, but not waterlogged. It's better to give more water than less to avoid stressing the tree and drying out the soil.
Soil: The tree prefers well-draining, fertile soil that is rich in organic matter.
Temperature: The tree prefers warm temperatures and can tolerate temperatures down to freezing.
Fertilizer: The tree can benefit from regular fertilization, especially during the growing season. Use a balanced fertilizer with a ratio of 3:1:2 (nitrogen:phosphorus:potassium)
Pruning: Prune the tree as needed to shape it and remove dead or damaged branches. Pruning can also be done to control the size of the tree.
Pest and Disease: This species is relatively resistant to pests and disease, but it may be susceptible to certain fungal or bacterial infections if grown in an environment with poor sanitation or drainage. Watch for pests like scale, mealybug, or mites and address them with insecticides when necessary.
It's important to note that the tree is considered invasive in some areas, so make sure to check if it is appropriate to plant Syzygium campanulatum in your area before getting one.
Syzygium campanulatum is a medicinal plant that is native to India and Southeast Asia. It is commonly known as the "bell-shaped fruit" tree. Here are a few potential benefits of this plant:
Anti-inflammatory: The bark and leaves of the tree contain compounds that have anti-inflammatory properties, which may be useful for reducing swelling and pain.
Antimicrobial: Extracts of the leaves and bark have been found to have antimicrobial properties, which may be useful in preventing and treating bacterial and fungal infections.
Antioxidant: The plant has been found to contain high levels of antioxidants, which may help to protect cells from damage by harmful molecules called free radicals.
Cardiac: The plant has been traditionally used as a remedy for heart ailments. and has been studied to have cardiovascular benefits.
Astringent: Extracts of the plant are astringent, which means they can help to tighten and firm the skin, and may be useful in treating conditions such as acne and sunburn.
It is worth noting that this plant is not a traditional medicine in Western world and most of the research are preclinical, conducted in laboratory or on animals, more clinical studies are needed to validate these benefits.