Trochetia boutoniana,National Flower Of Mauritius
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- Common name:
- National Flower Of Mauritius
- Trees, Shrubs
- Malvaceae Hibiscus or Cotton family
- Sun growing, Semi shade
- Normal, Can tolerate less, Can tolerate more
- Primarily grown for:
- Flowering season:
- June, July, August, September, October
- Flower or Inflorescence color:
- Foliage color:
- Plant Height or length:
- 2 to 4 meters
- Plant Spread or Width:
- 2 to 4 meters
- Plant Form:
- Irregular, Spreading, Upright or Erect
- Trochetia boutoniana is a species of flowering plant in the family Malvaceae, native to the island of Mauritius in the Indian Ocean. It is also known as the "Boucle d'Oreille" or "Bouton's Trochetia". The plant is a small, evergreen tree or shrub, typically growing to a height of 4-6 meters. It has glossy, dark green leaves and produces clusters of large, red flowers with a yellow center. The species was first described by French botanist Charles Hector d'Urban in 1834 and is named after French naturalist and explorer Louis Bouton. It is considered to be an endangered species, as it is threatened by habitat loss and introduced plant species.
Trochetia boutoniana is a tropical plant that prefers warm and humid conditions, and it can be quite difficult to grow in areas with cool climates. Here are some tips for taking care of T. boutoniana plant:
Light: It prefers bright, indirect light but can tolerate some shade. Avoid direct sunlight, which can scorch the leaves.
Temperature: Keep the temperature between 60°F and 85°F (15°C and 30°C).
Watering: Water the plant regularly to keep the soil consistently moist but not waterlogged. Allow the top inch of soil to dry out before watering again.
Soil: Use a well-draining, acidic potting mix with a pH between 5 and 6.
Humidity: T. boutoniana requires high humidity, so mist the leaves frequently or place the plant on a tray of wet pebbles.
Fertilizer: Feed the plant with a balanced, water-soluble fertilizer every 4-6 weeks during the growing season.
Pruning: Prune T. boutoniana as needed to control its size and shape, but be careful not to remove too much foliage at once.
It is an uncommon plant to find in cultivation and It may be difficult to find in nurseries, and it may be best to seek out seeds or cuttings from a collector or botanical garden.
Trochetia boutoniana is not commonly known for its medicinal properties or benefits, however, its beauty make it an ornamental plant and it is used in landscaping and horticulture.
The tree is also an important for the ecosystem, it serves as a habitat for the Mauritian fauna, especially for the Mauritian echo parakeet, which feed on its fruits and nesting in its hollows. It's a part of the natural heritage in Mauritius and it is considered a flagship species for conservation in the island.
Additionally, the tree wood is hard and durable and could be used in construction, joinery, and furniture making.
Lastly, its large red flowers are known to be an important source of nectar for honey bees, and its honey is highly valued in the local market.