Organic Bread Fruit, Milk Juice Trees (Artocarpus altilis, A. communis, A. incisus) for Sale
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- Common name:
- Bread Fruit, Milk Juice Tree
- Regional name:
- Marathi - Vilaiti Phanas, Bengali - Dephal, Kannada - Deevigujje, Malayalam - Seema Chakka, Tamil - Seemepalakkai, Telugu - Seema Panasa
- Fruit Plants, Trees, Vegetable, Medicinal Plants
- Moraceae or Fig family
1. Introduction to Breadfruit Tree
Breadfruit (Artocarpus altilis) is a tropical fruit tree native to the Malay Peninsula and western Pacific islands. It belongs to the Moraceae family and is closely related to the jackfruit, mulberry, and fig trees. Breadfruit is a highly nutritious and versatile fruit, and its tree is an important food source in tropical regions.
Site Selection Choose a well-draining location with fertile soil, rich in organic matter. Breadfruit trees thrive in warm, humid climates with full sun exposure.
Planting Plant breadfruit trees during the rainy season to ensure adequate moisture for root establishment. Dig a hole twice the size of the root ball, place the tree in the hole, and backfill with soil. Space trees 25-40 feet apart to allow for proper growth.
Soil Breadfruit trees prefer slightly acidic to neutral soil with a pH of 6.0 to 7.5. They are tolerant of various soil types, but well-draining soil is crucial.
Watering Water regularly during the first year of growth to establish a strong root system. After that, water as needed, ensuring the soil remains consistently moist but not waterlogged.
Fertilization Apply a balanced slow-release fertilizer (e.g., 10-10-10) during the growing season. Organic matter, such as compost or aged manure, can also be added to the soil to improve fertility.
Pruning Prune breadfruit trees annually to maintain a manageable size and shape, and to promote air circulation and light penetration. Remove dead or diseased branches to maintain the tree's health.
Pest and Disease Control Breadfruit trees are susceptible to pests such as mealybugs, fruit flies, and scale insects, and diseases like root rot and leaf spot. Regularly inspect your tree and use appropriate organic or chemical treatments as needed.
Nutrition Breadfruit is a good source of carbohydrates, dietary fiber, vitamins (C, B1, B2, B3, and B6), and minerals (potassium, calcium, iron, and magnesium). It is low in fat and a great addition to a healthy diet.
Food Security Breadfruit trees are drought-tolerant and can produce an abundant yield, making them an important food source in tropical regions.
Culinary Uses Breadfruit can be consumed at various stages of ripeness and prepared in different ways, including roasting, boiling, frying, or baking. The fruit has a starchy, potato-like texture and a mildly sweet taste, making it a versatile ingredient in many dishes.
Ecological Benefits Breadfruit trees provide shade, improve soil fertility, and prevent soil erosion. They are also valuable in agroforestry systems and reforestation projects.
Breadfruit trees start producing fruit in 3 to 5 years and can yield up to 200 fruits per season. Harvest fruits when the skin turns from shiny to matte, and the fruit feels slightly soft to the touch. Use a sharp knife or pruning shears to remove the fruit from the tree, leaving a short stalk attached.